What are the risk factors of Tinnitus?

There are several factors to consider that can increase a person’s risk of having tinnitus.

 

  • Prolonged exposure to loud noise: This is the most common risk factor and almost about anyone can suffer from it. When the sensory hair cells in your ears are damaged, the transmission of sound waves from your ears to the brain is disrupted. Thus, it is unable to send sound and interpret.
  • Age: As you get older, the structures in your inner ear changes which contributes to possible tinnitus.
  • Gender: The occurrence of tinnitus, as well as hearing loss, in males, is greater than females and the onset is rather early as well in males than in females.
  • Smoking: There is adequate evidence that smoking increases your risk of tinnitus, alongside dizziness and vertigo, because the nicotine content in cigarettes narrows the blood vessels that transport oxygen to your ears and other parts of your body. It also irritates the sensitive nerve cells in the Eustachian tube and the linings of the ears.
  • Cardiovascular disease:  If there is a narrowing of the blood vessels or arteries into your body as well as your ears, then there is an increased risk of tinnitus.
  • Prolonged use of antibiotics, certain medications like water pills, quinine medicines or cancer medicines and other antidepressants: There are certain medications that when taken in a long time may cause tinnitus, or in some instances, if you already have tinnitus and you are taking certain medications in a very long time, it may worsen it. Generally, when you stop taking medications that may contribute to the ringing or buzzing noise in your ears, these unwanted and uncomfortable sounds will disappear.
  • Taking high doses of aspirin

 

In general, tinnitus can greatly affect a person’s life that is why it is best to always have your hearing checked. Getting a baseline of your hearing would give you a clear view and understanding of where your hearing health is.

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